About a week back, Indian troops occupied strategic heights on the south bank of Pangong Tso or Pangong Lake and Rechin La, giving Indian troops a commanding view of the terrain in the Chushul sector.
This sector is known as the ‘Western Sector (WS)’ of LINE OF ACTUAL CONTROL (LAC) at the border between India and China.
There are two other sectors of LAC too at the border between India and China. They are, ‘Eastern Sector (ES)’ of LAC which spans Arunachal Pradesh & Sikkim and, ‘Middle Sector (MS)’ of LAC in Uttarkhand and Himachal Pradesh.
Map-1, courtesy the Tribune: Shows the Line of Actual Control (Red Line in the map)
Map-2, Shows McMohan Line (Dashed Red Line in map) to the north of Arunachal Pradesh squeezed between TIBET and ASSAM.
(pic-1) PLA troops near Mukhpari peak with sticks & sharp implements, 200 feet from the lake. (HT Aug.29 photo)
WHAT IS THE LINE OF ACTUAL CONTROL (LAC)
The LAC is the demarcation that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory. India considers the LAC to be 3,488 km long, while the Chinese consider it to be only around 2,000 km. LAC is divided into three sectors: the eastern sector which spans Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, the middle sector in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, and the western sector in Ladakh.
The alignment of the LAC in the eastern sector is along the 1914 McMahon Line, and there are minor disputes about the positions on the ground as per the principle of the high Himalayan watershed. This pertains to India’s international boundary as well, but for certain areas such as Longju and Asaphila. The line in the middle sector is the least controversial but for the precise alignment to be followed in the Barahoti plains.
WARNING SHOTS FIRED (?) BY INDIA, CHINA PROTESTS THIS ACTION SAYS GLOBAL TIMES OF CHINA
Days after Indian troops thwarted Chinese manoeuvres and occupied strategic heights on the south bank of Pangong Tso or Pangong Lake (Tibetan: སྤང་གོང་མཚོ ; Chinese: 班公错) is an endorheic lake in the Himalayas situated at an elevation of 4,225 m (13,862 ft). It is 134 km (83 mi) long and extends from Ladakh, India to the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Rechin La near Rezang La, the south bank of the lake appeared to be on the boil again late Monday night with the Chinese PLA claiming that Indian troops had fired warning shots, prompting it to “take countermeasures to stabilize the situation on the ground”.
In a statement, Colonel Zhang Shuili, spokesperson for the PLA Western Theatre Command, claimed that the Indian Army (IA) “crossed the line and entered Bangong Hunan, the western section of the Sino-Indian border” and the “Indian actions seriously violated the relevant agreements between China and India, pushing up regional tensions, and easily causing misunderstandings and misjudgments”.
There was no immediate response from Indian Army (IA) or the Ministry of Defence (MoD.) Ministery of External Affairs in India says the situation across the borders between China and India is tense. IA and/or MoD Statement on this expected on Tuesday, 8th September.
NEW DELHI 04/09/2020:
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Friday met his Chinese counterpart in Moscow, where both are attending a three-day event, in the first high-level contact of its kind since a serious standoff erupted between the two countries in Ladakh in May.
Chinese Defence Minister Wei Fenghi had asked for the meeting on the sidelines of a Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) meet in the Russian capital. In a message before the meeting, Mr Singh said peace and security in the region demands a climate of trust, non-aggression, peaceful resolution of differences and respect for international rules.
Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar and Indian Ambassador to Russia D B Venkatesh Varma were part of the Indian delegation at the talks that began at around 9:30 pm Indian time at a prominent hotel in Moscow. The meeting lasted for two-and-a-half hours.
“Peaceful stable and secure region of SCO member states, which is home to over 40 per cent of the global population, demands a climate of trust and cooperation, non-aggression, respect for international rules and norms, sensitivity to each other’s interest and peaceful resolution of differences,” Mr Singh said at the ministerial meet of the SCO, in the presence of the Chinese Defence Minister.
Both India and China are members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation or SCO, an eight-nation regional grouping that primarily focuses on security and defence issues.
Talks between military officials of the two countries have achieved little since the deadly clash in June. The latest escalation in hostilities came after a brief pullback by the two sides in some areas. External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar has also held talks with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi on the phone.
1. Line of Actual Control (LAC): Where it is located, and where India and China differ
Written by Sushant Singh | New Delhi | June 1, 2020 4:35:03 am and Explained by the INDIAN EXPRESS
2. Pangong on boil again: China claims India fired warning shots
Written by Krishn Kaushik | New Delhi | September 8, 2020 4:50:07 am
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