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Taliban rage… how to restrain them… how can Afghan women regain their freedoms from medieval Sharia Laws?

  • The US is about to leave Afghanistan an estimated $28 billion in weaponry, previously meant for use by Afghan Military. US was supposed to leave Hamid Karzai International Airport by August 31st 2021, after Afghan Head of State (allegedly, a US Citizen,) reportedly said his troops were not ready to defend Afghanistan against the menacing Taliban with plans to march on KABUL.
  • The Afghan military was being trained on the use of these assault weapons between 2002 and 2017 to prevent the TALIBAN from marching on KABUL.
  • Weapons worth billions that the TALIBAN have now, possibly include 600,000 assault rifles, over 2,000 armored vehicles, and 40 aircraft, including Black Hawks, according to reports.
  • This war chest also includes the supply of at least 600,000 infantry weapons — including M16 assault rifles — as well as 162,000 pieces of communication equipment and 16,000 night-vision goggles.
  • In just two years from 2017 to 2019, the US gave 7,035 machine guns, 4,702 Humvees, 20,040 hand grenades, 2,520 bombs and 1,394 grenade launchers (source: report last year from the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR).
  • Former Afghan President Hamid Karzai, center left, senior Haqqani group leader Anas Haqqani, center right, Abdullah Abdullah, second right, head of Afghanistan's National Reconciliation Council and former government negotiator with the Taliban, and others in the Taliban delegation, meet in Kabul, Afghanistan, Wednesday, Aug. 18, 2021. (picture, via AP) Former Afghan President Hamid Karzai, senior Haqqani group leader Anas Haqqani, Abdullah Abdullah, head of Afghanistan’s National Reconciliation Council and former government negotiator with the Taliban, and others in the Taliban delegation, met in Kabul  (date unknown) in Afghanistan to negotiate a peaceful transition in Afghanistan. These talks failed (reportedly.)
  • Image result for Hamid Karzai Drewed Picture (inset pic) Hamid Karzai, an Afghan politician, served as President of Afghanistan from December 22, of year 2001 to September 29 of year 2014. He is also the leader of the Popalzai Durrani tribe of Kandahar.
  •       {Known as ‘Gandhar‘ in ancient times, Gandhar province has been known and written about in Hindu spiritual history, since the time of 
  •       Dasharatha, Rama and Ramayana.}
  • See the source image
  • Kandahar is a province in southern region of Afghanistan. It shares borders with Pakistan. However, for centuries there has been trade & commerce with India (from the days of undivided India.)
  • Afghanistan is known for exotic Afghan fresh and dry fruits. The total bilateral trade between India and Afghanistan for CY 2019-20 was at US $ 1.5 billion. While there is immense potential to expand bilateral trade between India and Afghanistan, the difficulties in transit via Pakistan is a major hurdle in expanding the trade ties. In order to expand trade to India, the Afghan government in collaboration with Government of India launched a dedicated Air Freight Corridor on 19 June 2017 when Ashraf Ghani was in full control of Afghanistan.
  • (inset pic) The whereabouts of present Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, whose departure from Afghanistan during the last weekend… lead to the collapse of the Afghan government… is now settled.
  • It had been a matter of speculation for days… Ashraf Ghani has (reportedly,) sought refuge in UAE. 
  • See the source image (inset pic) Amarullah Saleh (born in Tajikistan) and former VP who served under President Ashraf Ghani, is now leading (reportedly,) the ‘Northern Alliance; from PANJSHIR province (a fortress like region 156 kilometers away from Kabul, the Capital of Afghanistan.) He is now heading the lone resistance against the Taliban. Amarullah Saleh, is now the country’s ‘legitimate’ caretaker President too. Panjshir is the only province that hasn’t yet fallen to the Taliban. Saleh, on August 17 tweeted that he is “reaching out to all leaders to secure their support & consensus,” to unify and fight the Taliban.
  • See the source image
  • (pic) PANJSHIR, the fortress like region is from where Amarullah Saleh is leading the Northern Alliance to fight the Taliban in Kabul. 
  • Former Afghan president Hamid Karzai had accused his successor in Afghanistan (President Ashraf Ghani,) for allowing the U.S. Air Force to drop the largest conventional ‘Mother of All Bombs (MOAB)’ during an operation against what was said to be a decisive fight against the ‘Islamic State of Iraq and Libya (ISIL)’- militants who were assisting TALIBAN in Afghanistan. US objective then was to destroy ‘all militant forces that included Taliban’ who were fighting US forces in Afghanistan along with ISIL-militants.
  • US and democracies of the world, fear an Islamic Caliphate spreading from Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan to Pakistan, should all these countries decide to come together under a common Islamic agenda, to rule this region.
  • CHINA is dreaming of extending the CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR (CPEC) all the way to Afghanistan by cutting through Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) region (shown in light orange color in map below.)
  • See the source image
  • India too has ambitions of promoting maritime trade with Iran and Afghanistan using the ‘Chabahar-seaport’ that India has built in collaboration with IRAN to move goods (primarily: Oil, Gas and Minerals) from Iran (by sea) and also via a planned ‘Rail Corridor’ (shown with red dots in map) inside Afghanistan.
  • Threat (if any) from Taliban (now in Kabul, with US weapons…) can confront India by stopping India’s plans in Iran and AFG, by intruding into India via the Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) (region shown in grey color in the map) has been answered by India’s Chief of Defense Staff (General Rawat.)
  • General Rawat is confident that India is ready to deal with Taliban, should Taliban make such a move, into Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK). Indian intelligence says, Pakistan is obsessed with fighting India and intruding in Kashmir with the help of Taliban and all the military hardware left by USA. 
  • US-Taliban pact (Doha Agreement)

    After nearly a year long negotiation, USA has signed a peace agreement with Taliban (Afghan government not a signatory). 

  • India attended the signing ceremony in Doha, and was represented by Ambassador to Qatar.
  • Separately, a joint declaration between the Afghan government (Islamic Republic of Afghanistan) and the US was issued in Kabul.
  • Brief background to the deal
  • USA went into Afghanistan in October 2001, a few weeks after the 9/11 terror attacks, with the goals of defeating terrorists (particularly Al-Qaeda) and rebuilding and stabilizing the country. 
  • USA’s war in Afghanistan is said to be the longest war (19 years)  in its history.
  • The Afghan war is estimated to have cost $2-trillion, with more than 3,500 American and coalition soldiers killed. 
  • Afghanistan lost hundreds of thousands of people, both civilians and soldiers. 
  • After all these, the Taliban is at its strongest moment since the U.S. launched the war. It now controls half of the country, mainly in its hinterlands. 
  • The war had entered into a stalemate long ago and the U.S. failed to turn it around despite both American Presidents Barack Obama and Donald Trump having sent additional troops. 
  • Faced with no other way, the U.S. just wants to leave Afghanistan.

Visit link (posted below) of key elements of the US-Taliban Pact signed at DOHA>

https://iasbaba.com/2020/03/us-taliban-pact-doha-agreement/#:~:text=After%20nearly%20a%20year%20long%20negotiation%2C%20USA%20has,Afghanistan%29%20and%20the%20US%20was%20issued%20in%20Kabul.

  • DID  ‘MOAB’  DROP  IN AFGHANISTAN  TRIGGER  TALIBAN  MARCH  ON  KABUL ?
    • On 13 April 2017, the Mother of All Bombs (MOAB) was dropped on an ISIL-Khorasan cave complex in Achin District of Nangarhar Province of Afghanistan, by the US Air Force.
    • MOAB which was thirty feet in length, weighed 21,000 pounds, created a mushroom cloud seen up to 20 miles away.  US objective was to destroy ‘all militant forces including Taliban’ who were fighting US forces in Afghanistan at that time.
    • Some Taliban fighters and civilians got killed when MOAB was dropped.
    • See the source image
    • See the source image
    • (pic) MOAB drop created a mush room cloud that could be seen from 20 miles.

  WHO FLED AFGHANISTAN WHEN TALIBAN STARTED MARCHING ON KABUL?

  • President Ashraf Ghani has (reportedly,) sought refuge in UAE.

Former Afghan mayor Zarifa Ghafari stands with Armin Laschet, governor of Germany's North Rhine-Westphalia, in Duesseldorf.(AP Photo)

(pic) Former Afghan mayor Zarifa Ghafari stands with Armin Laschet, governor of Germany’s North Rhine-Westphalia, in Duesseldorf. (AP Photo)
  • Zarifa Ghafari was Afghanistan’s first woman mayor of Maidan Shahr city that lies west of Kabul. She is among those who fled from war-torn Afghanistan following Taliban takeover. Zarifa Ghafari, who fled to Germany recently, has blamed the people of her country for the Taliban’s return to power. She has said that the people did not raise their voices against terrorism. 
  • Pop singer, Aryana Sayeed, most popular woman singer of Afghanistan, has also left Afghanistan fearing ban of the freedoms gained in last 20 years by Afghan women.  She fears that she may never return to Afghanistan if Taliban decides to rule by medieval Sharia laws in Afghanistan.

Afghan refugees

The Taliban takeover has sparked a hurried exodus of people associated with the western intervention in the country.

Afghans continue to wait around the Kabul international airport as they try to flee the Afghan capital on Friday.
(pic) Afghans continue to wait around the Kabul international airport as they try to flee the Afghan capital on Friday. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
  • At least 12,000 people have been evacuated via Kabul airport since the start of a tumultuous rescue effort last Sunday. They include a mix of western government staff, aid agency workers, as well as Afghan residents who have worked with western governments or their agencies, or are perceived to be particularly at risk due to the nature of their work, such as journalists, translators or human rights activists.
  • The majority, approximately 7,000, were flown out of Kabul on cargo aircraft by the US military. The UK said it had taken about 1,200 people out of the country by Wednesday morning, while Germany’s defense minister said on Friday afternoon it had taken about 1,700 people to safety.
  • Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, said his country had flown 550 people out of Afghanistan so far, while France and Italy say they have evacuated about 500 people each.
  • Other nation states included in the evacuation effort include Australia, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Poland and Switzerland.
  • Most military planes out of Kabul have stopped off in Uzbekistan’s capital, Tashkent, Doha in Qatar or Islamabad in Pakistan, where evacuees have been put on to regular flights to the receiving country.
  • Some Afghans, mostly civilians who have worked with US or international missions in the country, will be temporarily sheltered in Albania, Kosovo or northern Macedonia while their American visas are being processed.
  • The three Balkan countries, which are due to receive agreed numbers of Afghan evacuees from this weekend, are the first European countries to commit to a transit country arrangement with the US.
  • Similar transit schemes are planned for Colombia, Uganda and Qatar.

WHICH COUNTRIES HAVE PROMISED TO TAKE AFGHAN REFUGEES?

  1. INDIA has already repatriated all of its Embassy staff in Kabul and many refugees (reportedly close to 200 in number,) and people who worked in Afghanistan or migrated there on work visas from India. They include Hindus, Sikhs, Muslims and several other people of Afghan blood.
  2. The CAA (Citizens Amendment Act) passed by the Indian Parliament (the CAA is yet to be notified with a firm cutoff date,) can come in handy to grant citizenship in India to small numbers of minorities (Hindus, Sikhs, Parsees, Buddhist and Jains) who want permanent refuge in India. Can (should) the cut off date for CAA be extended to 31 December 2021 to include Afghan refugees of Islamic faith… (to admit those who seek permanent refuge in India, due to fears of persecution from a future ‘Taliban regime’ which is expected to takeover in Afghanistan with a mandate to rule Afghanistan under “medieval version of Sharia laws” that do not give freedom to women and children to work and live as equal partners with their male population) ?
  3. If CAA date extension is done, it will come in handy should India decide to grant citizenship to every refugee repatriated from any neighboring country on humanitarian grounds.
  4. However, what is to be noted is…  India is not a signatory to the UN Refugee Convention, hence Afghans or any and all groups of refugees from India’s neighbors, do not enjoy such rights, ipso facto.
  5. The US has pledged to welcome 10,000 people from Afghanistan, while Australia intends to take in 3,000 refugees from Afghanistan under an existing program.
  6. Tajikistan said last month it was ready to shelter 100,000 displaced people from its neighbor.
  • Most European countries have been reluctant to commit to taking in specific numbers of Afghan refugees other than those who have collaborated with their own agencies, amid concerns of a replay of the 2015 refugee crisis.
  • Spain offers itself as hub for Afghans who collaborated with European Union (EU).
  • The German chancellor, Angela Merkel, told party colleagues that her country would need to take in about 10,000 at-risk people from Afghanistan, while insisting that the majority of refugees will have to be sheltered in neighboring countries.
  • The Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has told the European Union to stick to past deals on migrants and refugees and aid neighboring countries. Referring to a 2016 deal under which “irregular” migrants landing in the EU can be sent back to Turkey in exchange for aid, Erdogan urged his neighbors to “sincerely live up to their commitments”.
  • Now that it fears increased Afghan arrivals, Brussels could aid neighboring countries, such as Iran, to deal with any new mass movements of people, Erdogan said.
  • “A new wave of mass migration is inevitable if necessary measures are not taken in Afghanistan and in Iran,” Erdogan told the Greek prime minister, Kyriakos Mitsotakis.
  • Athens has already said it may send Afghans arriving on its shores back to Turkey, which it regards as a “safe” country for migrants from Afghanistan.
  • The UK has announced a settlement scheme that could offer sanctuary to 20,000 Afghan refugees over the coming years, with a focus on women, children and religious minorities.

IS THERE A LOOMING GLOBAL REFUGEE CRISIS DUE TO TALIBAN TAKE OVER OF AFGHANISTAN?

The United Nations (UN) refugee agency says more than 550,000 Afghans have been internally displaced since January 2021, on top of 3 million people who were already uprooted at the start of the year. Most of these people (about 300,000) have left their homes as a result of the deteriorating security situation over the last week.

  • But so far there has been no noticeable exodus of people out of the war-torn country. With the Taliban having closed key border points, Pakistan having recently fortified its border with Afghanistan and Turkey – already home to a large community of refugees – it will be hard for many Afghans to find their way out.
  • Further Taliban crackdowns, droughts and/or the extension of the Covid-19 pandemic into an epidemic could change the situation in the coming months.

REFERENCE (MY RELATED BLOGS)

http://creative.sulekha.com/chinese-hegemony-in-south-china-seas-scs-area-is-a-threat-to-interests-of-other-nations-in-region_629574_blog  

http://creative.sulekha.com/best-maritime-commercial-deal-for-india-afghanistan-iran_628840_blog 

 

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Suresh Rao

Mellowed out and enlightened septuagenarian. Tech savvy. Social writing is just a pastime to kill time. I keep contributing to several developmental projects in the area of engineering education, IT and Healthcare projects launched by my kith and kin. I am too lazy to write a book, 'cause I think my life itself is a book! I am also at www.facebook.com/sureshnrao
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Navneet Bakshi
1 month ago
Reply to  Suresh Rao

Pakistan is a rogue country and an old hand at fooling the western powers and it has a cunning ally in China. Together they may not as such, openly support Taliban but they will provide all logistic help and clandestine support to the terrorist networks. That’s all they need. Tanks are of no use to them, they know. They can’t use them for invading India but they can facilitate the Jihadis infiltration like ISA has been doing it all along.

Navneet Bakshi
1 month ago
Reply to  Suresh Rao

But they have flown one chopper with a body of an American supporter hanging from it to show to the world what all they are capable of doing. Let’s see what happens next. I am sure they will start beheading people soon.

Navneet Bakshi
1 month ago
Reply to  Suresh Rao

There are many people in Pakistan and even in Afghanistan who do not approve of this medieval mentality but they don’t have the courage to stand up and speak. I have never seen Muslim intelligentsia speaking up against these hardcore radicals. Some young mavericks on the internet do show some courage to open their mouths but that’s just about all.

Navneet Bakshi
1 month ago
Reply to  Suresh Rao

As of now the fate of that investment hangs on fire and China I am sure is eyeing it as a piece of cake, but this is not the end of the game. The game indeed I think has just started.

Navneet Bakshi
1 month ago
Reply to  Suresh Rao

I don’t think India will ever bite that, not at least until Modi is in power. Any truck with them means legitimizing their regime and endorsing their ideology. China can do, but India shouldn’t.

Navneet Bakshi
1 month ago
Reply to  Suresh Rao

America is still being made to believe that ISIS-K is different from Taliban and they seem to be buying this theory. I don’t know why the Western world is unable to read their agenda.

Navneet Bakshi
1 month ago
Reply to  Suresh Rao

Surely, Turkey and Pakistan are supporting them. The truth must get exposed, but the support that they have both direct and indirect from all the fifty six muslim countries, how to handle that. Once again under the guise of asylum, they will spread to Europe. Nobody will ever think, why they don’t go to their brother Muslim countries. When India brought in CAA there was such a hue and cry, but now no one from the opposition
is speaking

Navneet Bakshi
2 months ago
Reply to  Suresh Rao

It brings to mind the hostilities committed by ISIL. I am sure all the foreigners have still not got evacuated and it will be sooner than we may expect that the beheadings will start. This time they have a lot many Hindus and Sikhs also to choose from. I am surprised at the stunned silence of the whole world. The Islamic world in any case has never been condemned but there has been no reaction to this from the western world either. The huge stockpile of arms and ammunition that the Americans have simply left with them, is going to last them for decades. This has been one big disaster and India is going to suffer the most from it. I am sure Pakistan will be seeing as a big victory and I have a gut feeling that this will lead to war.

Navneet Bakshi
1 month ago
Reply to  Suresh Rao

ISIS-K is turning out to be deadlier than ISIL and now there is none to stop them. America has not only surrendered but has even gifted them with the latest weapons. They will have full support of Taliban and ISI of Pakistan and their first target will be India. It may be difficult for them to gain any grounds but they can make inroads by radicalizing the Muslim youth. The world must unitedly fight this growing menace but before doing that the world has to acknowledge that it is a threat entire humanity.

Navneet Bakshi
2 months ago

I see it as a very dangerous development for the world in general and Indian in particular. Whatever be the reasons of China coming forward to acknowledge the Talibani government, it is very unfortunate and I would say ill-thought. Chinese don’t understand the level of fanatic zeal in these Jihadis and they think that like they have been able to suppress their local Muslims- Ugeyurs and re-educate them, they will perhaps be able to do the same to the Afghans also. Such a huge chunk of sophisticated weaponry coming in the hands of hot-headed maniacs is sure to sink Afghanistani people especially women further into a living hell with no one to help them and for India this would mean a resurgence of militancy in Kashmir.

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