Bengaluru Urban’s booming economy and cultural tolerance have acted as a magnet for people seeking a better life, with data revealing that the tech hub is the most linguistically diverse district in the country.
(image-pic) Representative Image. Credit: DH File Photo, www.deccanherald.com/city
Data culled from the 2011 census revealed that the city is home to 107 scheduled and non-scheduled languages, attesting to Bengaluru citi’s cosmopolitanism.
A linguistic expert also highlighted the Karnataka government’s inability to create an alternative to the state capital that is grappling with a host of problems for commuters who cannot communicate in one or more of the most spoken languages in Bengaluru… like, Kannada, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English in that order.
Mobile phone downloads for spoken Kannada has been developed by IT and linguistic experts to make it easy for new migrants.
Dr Mudit Kapoor, Associate Professor of economics at the Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi Center, who helped to put together the analysis, said the intent was to determine diversity at the district level as part of preparations for a large study on migration and population mobility between 2011 and 2021.
“There are 121 scheduled and non-scheduled languages in India. We wanted to determine where these languages are spoken. We also wanted to see where people are moving to…,” he said, adding that the research team was astonished to find that ‘Bengaluru Urban District’ was the most linguistically and culturally diverse in India.
According to data, Kannada was listed as the mother tongue of 44.62% of the city’s population. Among scheduled languages, Kannada shares space with Hindi, Maithili, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Urdu, Konkani, Santali, Marathi, Manipuri and Nepali.
The non-scheduled languages include English, Kabuli, Pashto, Tibetan, Arabic, Nishi, Mundari, Lushai, Nicobarese, Sherpa, languages from Nagaland among others.
Speaking as an independent expert, Professor C M Lakshmana of the Population Research Centre, Institute for Social and Economic Change, partly attributed Bengaluru’s linguistic diversity to its thriving IT and construction sectors, which have ‘drawn in’ most migrants to the city.
Dr Mudit Kapoor added that one other reason for migration of younger generation to thr city is Bengaluru’s diverse education hub (for those seeking science and technical education,) and trade and commerce hubs (for those seeking instant employment opportunities.)
Pune city in Maharashtra, comes second in India for such linguistic and cultural diversity and recent migrations from other city’s of India.
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