Sign Up    /    Login

About Biotechnology

Biotechnology is not a new advancement in the area of science. It actually has been utilized for years, but was not significantly described as biotechnology. In its simple form, biotechnology means utilizing living organisms or their products to revise or change human health or the environment, or to run a process. Biotechnology itself is the combination of biology and other sciences to create new, innovative products in the agricultural sector, industrial sector and environmental industries. The products include medicines, vaccines, growth hormones for plants and food additives.

There are nine major areas of this technology and its applications in the field of biotechnology. These nine major areas are bioprocessing technology, monoclonal antibodies, cell culture, recombinant DNA technology, cloning, protein engineering, biosensors, nanobiotechnology and microarrays.

Bioprocessing technology refers to use of living cells to produce preferred products. This method has been utilized for thousands of years without knowing the actual scientific implications of it, such as in beer brewing, winemaking and even for making bread and pickles! Microorganisms were first discovered in the mid-1800s, and people came to realize that their biochemical machinery was the substance for these useful products. In-depth research and further experiments have led us today to the production of amino acids, birth control pills, pesticides, antibiotics and also vitamins, just to name a few.

Monoclonal antibody technology uses the cells from the immune system to make antibodies. Monoclonal antibodies are extremely useful to locate any pollutants found in the environment, detect microorganisms that may be harmful in food, differentiate between normal cells and cancer cells, and also diagnose in a more precise manner any infectious diseases that may be present in humans, animals or plants.

Cell culture simply means growing cells outside of a living organism. There are 3 areas in this study, which include plant cell culture, insect cell culture and mammalian cell culture. Recombinant DNA technology, in the plain sense of the word, means recombining 2 pieces of DNA from 2 different species. This is used to produce new medicines and vaccines, slow down the process of food spoilage, control viral diseases and hamper inflammation, just to name a few.

Cloning became well-known after the cloning of Dolly the sheep years back. Cloning technology actually allows for the generation of genetically identical molecules, plants, cells or animals. Protein engineering is a DNA recombinant technique that is meant to improve existing proteins to create new proteins that do not exist in nature. These proteins may then be used in food processing, drug development and industrial manufacturing.

Biosensors are a combination of biology and the advances in microelectronics. Biosensors are detecting devices that rely on the specificity of cells and molecules to identify and measure substances at extremely low concentrations, which is why they are highly used to measure the nutritional value, safety and freshness of food, detect explosives, toxins and bio-warfare agents, locate and measure pollutants, and also to provide emergency room physicians with bedside measurements of vital blood components.

Nano-biotechnology refers to the study, manipulation and manufacture of ultra-small structures and machines that can consist of only a single molecule. This field of study enables us to improve the specificity and timing of drug delivery, increase the speed and power of diagnosing diseases, and also encourage the development of green manufacturing practices.

Microarray is the study of gene structure and functions which enable us to analyze tens of thousands of samples simultaneously. This field allows us to monitor gene activity, identify genes that are important to crop productivity, and also to detect mutations in disease-related genes

Share with:


2 2 votes
Article Rating

Siri AB

I wrote unique articles
1 Comment
Newest
Oldest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Prasad Ganti
Prasad Ganti(@sprasad_gantiyahoo-com)
5 months ago

Very informative blog !

Recent Comments

Random Posts

Placeholder Image 90

Thewriterfriends.com is an experiment to bring the creative people together on one platform. It is a free platform for creativity. While there are hundreds, perhaps thousands of platforms that provide space for expression around the world, the feeling of being a part of fraternity is often lacking. If you have a creative urge, then this is the right place for you. You are welcome here to be one of us.

Random Posts

A Woodcutter

By Navneet Bakshi | August 15, 2021 | 4 Comments

A Woodcutter I think I started writing the story about him many times but I can’t find anything in the old files. But it is filed there in my mind with indelible ink. It won’t go unless I lose my mind to Alzheimer’s. Dementia is setting in in my old brain. I forget things or…

Share with:


Read More

The international ratings

By Prasad Ganti | April 10, 2021 | 2 Comments

Countries over the world are measured on various scales by different institutions. Some measurements are done by institutions within the country while some by outside the country. Per capita income or how much an average citizen earns is collected and published by the country. While some measures like ease of doing business or gender inequality…

Share with:


Read More

सिर्योझा – 7

By Charumati Ramdas | January 2, 2021 | 0 Comments

लेखिका: वेरा पनोवा अनुवाद: आ. चारुमति रामदास झेन्का   झेन्का – अनाथ है, अपनी मौसी और बहन के साथ रहता है. बहन – उसकी सगी बहन नहीं है – मौसी की बेटी है. दिन में वह काम पर जाती है, और शाम को इस्त्री करती है. वह अपने ड्रेस इस्त्री करती है. आँगन में बड़ी…

Share with:


Read More

PANGONG TSO LAKE — SOUTHERN BANK A TION BY INDIAN ARMY ON NUGHT 29/30 AUGUST

By Rajinder Singh | September 2, 2020 | 4 Comments

On the intervening night if 29-30 August, when PLA tried to wrest control of a protrusion on the southern bank of  Pangong Tso Lake, Indian Army ( IA) came to know about it and moved in strength. and thwarted its operation.  China was given the taste of its own medicine . China always behaves like…

Share with:


Read More

Doggy Cold

By Charumati Ramdas | August 19, 2020 | 4 Comments

 Author (Russian): Ilf & Petrov Translated by A. Charumati Ramadas The rinks are closed. Children are not allowed to go out, and they languish at home. Trotting tests are canceled. . The so-called “Doggy-Cold” has arrived. In Moscow, some thermometers show thirty-four degrees, some for some reason show only thirty-one, and there are also such eccentric…

Share with:


Read More

Warning shots fired (?) by India across LAC in Ladakh

By Suresh Rao | September 8, 2020 | 3 Comments

About a week back, Indian troops occupied strategic heights on the south bank of Pangong Tso or Pangong Lake and Rechin La, giving Indian troops a commanding view of the terrain in the Chushul sector. This sector is known as the ‘Western Sector (WS)’ of  LINE OF ACTUAL CONTROL (LAC) at the border between India…

Share with:


Read More

वड़वानल – 75 (अंतिम भाग)

By Charumati Ramdas | September 13, 2020 | 5 Comments

लेखक: राजगुरू द. आगरकर अनुवाद: आ. चारुमति रामदास   मुलुंड कैम्प में उपोषण और भी कई दिनों तक चलता रहा। सैनिक डाँट–फटकार से घबराए नहीं और न ही लालच के बस में हुए। अनेक लोगों को कमज़ोरी के कारण अस्पताल में भर्ती करना पड़ा, कई लोग बीमार हो गए, मगर उपोषण चलता रहा।    …

Share with:


Read More

देसी दारू का तालाब

By Charumati Ramdas | October 22, 2020 | 4 Comments

    देसी दारू का तालाब लेखक: मिखाइल बुल्गाकव अनु.: ए.चारुमति रामदास ईस्टर संडे की रात को दस बजे हमारा नासपीटा कॉरीडोर ख़ामोश हो गया. इस सुकूनभरी ख़ामोशी में मेरे मन में एक विकट ख़याल कौंध गया कि मेरी ख़्वाहिश पूरी हो गई है और बुढ़िया पाव्लव्ना, जो सिगरेट बेचा करती थी, मर गई है.…

Share with:


Read More

Shaping The Ideas

By ishanbakshi | May 2, 2020 | 1 Comment

After coming back from China, I had to get a lot of woodwork done in my house as during our stay away from home for nearly three years, the termites had had a field day. Besides, what was removed, the way these carpenters work in India, I am left with huge pile of good, reusable…

Share with:


Read More

वड़वानल – 37

By Charumati Ramdas | August 10, 2020 | 0 Comments

लेखक: राजगुरू द. आगरकर अनुवाद: आ. चारुमति रामदास   ‘‘क्यों रे,  आज बड़ा खुश दिखाई दे रहा है ?’’    गुरु ने दत्त से पूछा । आजकल  दत्त  की  ओर  विशेष  ध्यान  नहीं  दिया  जा  रहा  था ।  पहरे  पर  अब सिर्फ  दो  ही हिन्दुस्तानी  सैनिक  रखे  जाते  थे ।  दत्त  को  सभी  सुविधाएँ  दी  जा …

Share with:


Read More
1
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x