Sign Up    /    Login

About Biotechnology

Biotechnology is not a new advancement in the area of science. It actually has been utilized for years, but was not significantly described as biotechnology. In its simple form, biotechnology means utilizing living organisms or their products to revise or change human health or the environment, or to run a process. Biotechnology itself is the combination of biology and other sciences to create new, innovative products in the agricultural sector, industrial sector and environmental industries. The products include medicines, vaccines, growth hormones for plants and food additives.

There are nine major areas of this technology and its applications in the field of biotechnology. These nine major areas are bioprocessing technology, monoclonal antibodies, cell culture, recombinant DNA technology, cloning, protein engineering, biosensors, nanobiotechnology and microarrays.

Bioprocessing technology refers to use of living cells to produce preferred products. This method has been utilized for thousands of years without knowing the actual scientific implications of it, such as in beer brewing, winemaking and even for making bread and pickles! Microorganisms were first discovered in the mid-1800s, and people came to realize that their biochemical machinery was the substance for these useful products. In-depth research and further experiments have led us today to the production of amino acids, birth control pills, pesticides, antibiotics and also vitamins, just to name a few.

Monoclonal antibody technology uses the cells from the immune system to make antibodies. Monoclonal antibodies are extremely useful to locate any pollutants found in the environment, detect microorganisms that may be harmful in food, differentiate between normal cells and cancer cells, and also diagnose in a more precise manner any infectious diseases that may be present in humans, animals or plants.

Cell culture simply means growing cells outside of a living organism. There are 3 areas in this study, which include plant cell culture, insect cell culture and mammalian cell culture. Recombinant DNA technology, in the plain sense of the word, means recombining 2 pieces of DNA from 2 different species. This is used to produce new medicines and vaccines, slow down the process of food spoilage, control viral diseases and hamper inflammation, just to name a few.

Cloning became well-known after the cloning of Dolly the sheep years back. Cloning technology actually allows for the generation of genetically identical molecules, plants, cells or animals. Protein engineering is a DNA recombinant technique that is meant to improve existing proteins to create new proteins that do not exist in nature. These proteins may then be used in food processing, drug development and industrial manufacturing.

Biosensors are a combination of biology and the advances in microelectronics. Biosensors are detecting devices that rely on the specificity of cells and molecules to identify and measure substances at extremely low concentrations, which is why they are highly used to measure the nutritional value, safety and freshness of food, detect explosives, toxins and bio-warfare agents, locate and measure pollutants, and also to provide emergency room physicians with bedside measurements of vital blood components.

Nano-biotechnology refers to the study, manipulation and manufacture of ultra-small structures and machines that can consist of only a single molecule. This field of study enables us to improve the specificity and timing of drug delivery, increase the speed and power of diagnosing diseases, and also encourage the development of green manufacturing practices.

Microarray is the study of gene structure and functions which enable us to analyze tens of thousands of samples simultaneously. This field allows us to monitor gene activity, identify genes that are important to crop productivity, and also to detect mutations in disease-related genes

Share with:


1 1 vote
Article Rating

Siri AB

I wrote unique articles
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Placeholder Image 90

Thewriterfriends.com is an experiment to bring the creative people together on one platform. It is a free platform for creativity. While there are hundreds, perhaps thousands of platforms that provide space for expression around the world, the feeling of being a part of fraternity is often lacking. If you have a creative urge, then this is the right place for you. You are welcome here to be one of us.

Random Posts

CHRISTMAS and VAIKUNTA EAKADASHI

By Suresh Rao | December 26, 2020 | 9 Comments

Bangaloreans quietly celebrated CHRISTMAS and VAIKUNTA EAKADASHI, happening on same day, in this calendar year. According to Catholics, Jesus was born on planet earth on Christmas day. According to Sanatana-Hindus, God Vishnu came down to earth on Vaikunta Eakadashi day to receive the offerings of earthlings. This year, by some divine intervention, these two isolated…

Share with:


Read More

The dawn of Vaccine

By Prasad Ganti | December 15, 2020 | 4 Comments

Covid 2019 has dominated most human lives on the globe for most of 2020. Infecting multitudes and killing in millions. With the year coming to an end, the vaccine is on the horizon. With the approach of dawn after what has been a deadly night, it is time to follow the exciting developments on the…

Share with:


Read More

Twenty Years of Transformation of Xichong……..Part 1

By Navneet Bakshi | June 17, 2020 | 1 Comment

This blog was written in 2015~16 when I was in China. It is based on the inputs from my Chinese fans. At that time too, I was working on getting one website constructed. I wanted that as a bi-lingual (English/Chinese) but it didn’t work out. This blog is about the Chinese city of Xichong. It…

Share with:


Read More

Perfect Nonsense!

By Suresh Rao | August 3, 2020 | 13 Comments

I had a ringside seat to witness this rib-tickling modern english play staged in Bengaluru.  Selected episodes from the 2001 PGW-paperback ‘Jeeves & Wooster Omnibus’ were staged at the St Johns National Academy auditorium located in John Nagar, Bengaluru. ‘Perfect Nonsense’ began  with an episode in which Bertie Wooster wants to do a favor to…

Share with:


Read More

WOOING GEETA- Part 1

By Navneet Bakshi | June 5, 2021 | 1 Comment

Geeta. Aha! what a name! Song of the meaning of life, and so true she was to her name. She was of my age. She was the younger sister of my sister’s friend. We met sometimes when I went to fetch my sister home from their house. Their father was a Superintendent of Police (you…

Share with:


Read More

Grow, Transform, Evolve

By Alka Kansra | October 21, 2020 | 2 Comments

Grow, Transform, Evolve In the ongoing Pandemic life has almost come to a halt and all the complexities for the survival of life have boiled down to a few simple essentials. This has given us an opportunity to think about, to ponder upon the life that we have been leading and the life after Covid…

Share with:


Read More

Trump’s last act: $290 Billion Weapons Sale to Saudi-Arabia

By Suresh Rao | December 31, 2020 | 1 Comment

(photo image) F. McKenzie Jr. (C-L), Commander of the US Central Command (CENTCOM), shakes hands with Saudi military officers during his visit to a military base in al-Kharj in central Saudi Arabia. Credit: AFP File Photo The US State Department has approved the potential sale of 3,000 precision guided munitions to the Kingdom of Saudi…

Share with:


Read More

Our Trip To Kashmir

By Suresh Rao | August 10, 2020 | 4 Comments

For tourists like us, Kashmir is ‘paradise on earth’. There are enchanting tourist spots to visit in winter (beginning of a calendar year for Kashmir) through fall season, ending in November/December. February can be too icy and cold. Tourist season begins again in spring through summer to enjoy pleasant sun & shine in the company…

Share with:


Read More

जीवन है चलने का नाम

By Yash Chhabra | August 31, 2020 | 2 Comments

                                                                                          अमेरिका में राष्ट्रपति चुनाव 3 नवंबर, 2020 को होने हैं।…

Share with:


Read More

वड़वानल – 27

By Charumati Ramdas | August 2, 2020 | 0 Comments

  लेखक : राजगुरू द. आगरकर अनुवाद : आ. चारुमति रामदास   ‘‘सर,   मैंने   काफी   ठोस   सबूत   इकट्ठे   कर   लिये   हैं। क्या आज दत्त को आपके सामने लाया जा सकता है ?’’    रावत कमाण्डर किंग से पूछ रहा था । ‘‘तुम इकट्ठा किये गए सबूत मेरे पास ले आओ । मैं उन पर एक नज़र…

Share with:


Read More
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x