(pic) Map of Deccan region showing Mysore kingdom in 1792
(Art) Battle of Malavalli (March 1799) Seringapatam; Seize of Tipu Tultan Fort by George Harris (British East India Company)
Hyder Ali Tipu Sultan
The 4th battle of Mysore kingdom commanded by Tipu Sultan against the British (commander: George Harris) was a decisive war.
War casualties were heavy on the side of Mysore kingdom; between 1000 and 2000 men lost their lives on the battle field.
On the British side, the casualties were hardly 66 to 69. British used field cannons (field guns) drawn by horses to pound walls of the Fort.
British were trained well in use of rifles and swords to riding on the horseback. They were good horsemen.
Mysore’s alliance with the French was seen as a threat to the East India Company and Mysore was attacked from all four sides.
Tipu’s Army was outnumbered 2:1 in this war with the British Army (with Hyd Nawab and Marathas also attacking Tipu Army at the same time Tipus forces were outnumbered 4:1). Mysore had 35,000 soldiers, whereas the British commanded 60,000 troops.
The Nizam of Hyderabad and the Marathas launched an invasion from the north on Mysore to support the British effort.
The British won a decisive victory at the seige of Seringapatam (1799.)
Much of the remaining Mysorean territory was annexed by the British, the Nizam and the Marathas.
The remaining core, around Mysore and Seringapatam was restored to the Indian prince belonging to the then Wodeyar dynasty, whose forefathers had been the actual rulers before Hyder Ali became the de facto ruler.
The 4th Anglo-Mysore war saw the death of Tipu Sultan and further reductions in Mysorean territory; Tippu tried running away to Bangalore… but was surrounded there by British troops.
Tippu was killed defending his Bangalore fort.
The Wodeyars ruled the remnant state of Mysore until 1947… then it joined the Union of India.
Tipu Fort at Seringapatam (renovated)…. Cauvery river flowed full in those days; north & west of Fort (horsemen could not cross river)
BACKGROUND (prior to the 4th Anglo-Mysore War)
The fort had been built by ‘Timmanna Nayaka’ in 1454, the fort came to prominence during the rule of Mysore by Tipu Sultan. The fort had been fully fortified with the help of French architects to meet the growing needs of of Mysore troops against invaders.
The river Cauvery surrounded the fort on the north and western sides. River was at least 7 feet deep. The fort had Lal Mahal and Tipu’s palace. They were demolished during the British capture of fort in 1799. There are seven outlets and two dungeons even today inside the Fort.
After the 3rd Anglo-Mysore war (1792), also fought at Seringapatam (present name Srirangapatna,) the British troops reduced the power and resources of Tipu Sultan. Through the Treaty of Seringapatam the British East India company, had weakened Tipu influence, yet he remained a perceived threat to the British East India Company.
Tipu Sultan had entered into a negotiation with the Governor of the Isle of France (at Mauritius, Africa) in 1798, and sent an embassador to Zaman Shah, then ruler of Kabul, for the purpose of inducing him to attack the possessions of the East India Company.
Having also derived encouragement from the successes of Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign, from which France intended to act against the British dominions in India, Tipu commenced augmenting his military force, and his hostile designs against the British became every day more apparent.
Governor-General Richard, Earl of Mornington (afterwards Marguess of Wellesley) perceiving a rupture inevitable, resolved to launch a preemptive strike, and ordered the army to take the field and march into the heart of Tipu’s Mysore territory.
Major-General George (afterwards Lord Harris,) was serving with the local rank of lieutenant-general, in conformity to these orders, advanced the army under his command on 11 February 1799 and entered Mysore territory on 5 March 1799.
(pic) Present Sri Ranganatha Temple, Srirangapatna (British name: Seringapatam) I visited this temple recently. It is a small temple by river Cauvery.
Reclining Vishnu idol is inside. Puje can be offered. Small Residential buildings and hutments surround the temple.
Srirangapatnam today has over 65% muslim population living peacefully with their Hindu neighbors.
Men work in plantations, indulge in iron-smith work, train horses. Women do art and crafts, make good perfume.
Thewriterfriends.com is an experiment to bring the creative people together on one platform. It is a free platform for creativity. While there are hundreds, perhaps thousands of platforms that provide space for expression around the world, the feeling of being a part of fraternity is often lacking. If you have a creative urge, then this is the right place for you. You are welcome here to be one of us.
TALIBAN resurgence in Afghanistan is not of concern to India… Pakistan-China nexus should be India’s concern
(pic) Taliban, the new Afghans, at northwestern borders of India. Picture is a download from internet for illustrative purposes. Kanwal Sibal (writer of article sighted below,) is a career diplomat who retired as Foreign Secretary to the Government of India. In 2017, The Government of India awarded him with the Padma Shri award for his…
Covid 2019 has dominated most human lives on the globe for most of 2020. Infecting multitudes and killing in millions. With the year coming to an end, the vaccine is on the horizon. With the approach of dawn after what has been a deadly night, it is time to follow the exciting developments on the…
A helicopter was sent to Mars recently along with the latest rover perseverance. And it flew for the first time outside the confines of Earth. Just for a few seconds, followed by a second flight a little under a minute, a few days later. It was a Wright brothers moment for mankind. Very much like…
Let me take a break from my next episode, I want to get back to my ‘illiterate’ Mom, who was/is at the center of everything happening in बुदम’s life. बुदम noticed one thing, all the siblings in the family avoided him, loved him, and were extremely nice to him whenever बुदम used to be around…
An early 19th-century painting of Śrī Rāma, Sītā and Lakṣmaṇa with sage Bhardwāj Devanagari भारद्वाज Personal information Parents Bṛhaspati (father) Tara (mother) Children Drona Garga Ilavida Share with: 5 1 vote Article Rating
A Tribute to Mohammad Rafi Writing a tribute to Md. Rafi on his 40th death anniversary that falls on 31st July, is going to be pleasant but a daunting task. Never before have I written an article on any known personality. It needs a lot of research and for writing an article on a legend…
This Post was shared by Dr. Unnikrishnan on a Whatsapp group Jallianwala Bagh – Why Indians fired on Indians I lived in Hong Kong for some years. One of the facts I observed was that Hong Kongers by and large do not like Indians and many of them even hate us. Whether an Indian goes…